Vegetable Farming in Nigeria: How to start

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Vegetable farming is one of the most lucrative farming in Nigeria. There is a popular belief in Nigeria that farming is meant for poor, illiterate and unsuccessful people. If you had taken your time to research about this, you would have discovered that this statement is absolutely wrong. Nigeria is a country where everybody eats vegetables. There are several types of vegetables and each of them has its own unique benefits and nutrients. In a country of 200 million people, am sure you will have a lot of customers once you dive into vegetable farming. By the way, you don’t need a large amount of money for you to begin. Let take through the process of owning your own vegetable farm.

Developing your Market

Most people are used to creating the product before looking for the market but it is not the same this case. In vegetables, you have to explore your markets options before you create your products. Vegetables are fast growing and perishable crops which means that they get spoilt easily. This is a very important step in the business because the future of your business depends on it. Also, you have to decide whether you are selling directly to your consumers or middlemen.


The capital required to begin this type of farming depends on your choice of farming scale. Like all businesses, you need to start small before you go big. You can go for a loan if you don’t have enough money for starting the business. Furthermore, substantial amounts of the money will go into land acquisition but if you already have land then good for you.

Read also: Business you can start with 50000 naira in Nigeria

Site selection

You can`t have a farm if you don’t have a land. So, getting land is highly as important as developing your market. There are some certain things you need to put into consideration while selecting your land. Example includes

  • Topography
  • Soil type
  • Water availability

Loamy and humus soil are the best types for vegetable farming. Among other reasons, these types of soils are filled with nutrients that make growing faster and better. However, the soil can be revitalized by adding manure.

Crop selection

The most amazing thing about vegetable farming is that you have a lot of options to choose from, unlike Strawberry farming. Hence, farmers find it difficult to make a selection. So, certain things must be put into consideration while selecting the type of crop you want to focus on. You must consider the weather condition, pest and diseases, and how compatible the soil is with the vegetable of your choice.


Author: BF

light sleeper, heavy dreamer.

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