The moringa plant is highly exceptional and it is widely known for its benefits to the body. It has a variety of names such as horseradish tree or ben oil tree. A lot of money can be generated from Moringa farming and it can help reduce the rate of unemployment. Despite the huge income from oil, Moringa farming can help boost the Nigeria economy
Moringa has two varieties, the Moringa oleifera and the moringa stenopetala which is the most common. The Moringa oleifera was the most widely cultivated before the advent of the moringa stenopetala. The moringa oleifera is widely recognized for its medicinal and nutritional benefits, as well as its industrial uses.
Choosing the right site is highly important. It is best to select a well-drained soil because it helps to evacuate excess water. Also, it allows a free exchange of gases between the soil and the atmosphere. Try avoiding clay soil because most times they become adhesive when wet and hard when dry. The selected soil should be open to sunlight and must be protected from roaming animals.
Therefore, a well-drained loamy or sandy soil is required to have a well-grown moringa plant. The land should be cleared and plowed effectively before planting. Soil testing and seed testing should be carried out if the farming is on a large-scale.
Moringa propagation can be done in two ways. Seed propagation involves the collection or buying of seeds from a genuine source. A good seed should be clean and free from disease-free. Also, seeds must not be stored for a very long period to avoid loss of germination capacity. Seeds may be sown directly on the field, or sown into a container or seedbed and then transported to the field. Production in seedbeds requires a lot of work and it can damage the root. On the other hand, production in containers can be time-consuming and expensive. By the way, direct seeding is preferred when the rate of germination is high. Hence, the germination rate is said to be high when it is more than 85%, 12 days after seeding.
Fertilizers should be applied during the planting process for optimum growth and returns. Also, there is a need for regular processing to maintain a planting that is from weed. In addition, moringa is highly resistant to pests and diseases but sometimes, an outbreak may occur.
The shoots and leaves should be harvested manually with a sharp object, possibly knife. Also, harvesting can be done mechanically if the production is of large-scale. Seeds are removed, kept in a bag and stored in a dry place. The pods should be harvested as soon as possible after they are matured.
Moringa seeds should be stored in a cool, dry and well-shaded room. Also, transportation of moringa leaves to the market is critical to secure a good quality leaf for consumption. You can either
- Cut the branches and transport it whole to the processing factory.
- Hand picks the leaves from the branches before transporting them to the processing factory.
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