Food is a necessity because it is important for the growth and maintenance of the human body. The benefits human beings derive from foods cannot be replicated by nutritional supplements. Beans are one of Nigeria and other West African countries’ most consumed foodstuffs. Beans are rich in vitamin B and folic acid,it contains minerals such as iron, selenium, magnesium, potassium and calcium and of course high in fiber. In this post, you will learn how to start beans farming business in Nigeria.
How To Start Beans Farming In Nigeria
1. Get Good Land
You need to get your farmland in an area with a suitable climate for optimum growth and performance. Beans don’t grow well in area with too much rain. It requires a moderate but well-distributed rainfall of about 300 to 400 mm per crop cycle. Dry weather is essential during harvest while prolonged dry conditions or extreme wetness are harmful to crop.
2. Pick A Niche
Next, you should choose what variety of beans you intend to plant. If you’re growing beans for export, you may consider what’s most popular in the international market, and as such, you may be prompted to grow navy beans. But if your market is primarily Nigeria and some parts of Africa, brown kidney beans are the most common that should logically be grown.
3. Farming Equipment
There are different farming equipment to use; it all depends on the size of the land and the capital at your disposal. However, if you opt for commercial farming, it has to be mechanized. You’d need equipment like tractors (mini or walking), wheelbarrows, spraying machines, cutlass, etc. with the introduction of mini and walking tractors capable of plowing a hectare of land in no less than five hours, it is advisable to buy these tools when venturing into mechanized farming.
Read Also: How To Start Rice Farming In Nigeria
Beans can be planted in either rows or blocks, with 6 inches between each seed. Plant the seeds 2 inches deep into the soil and cover it with the soft surface soil. If possible, let the seed eyes face the ground. Under normal circumstances and idea conditions, bean would begin to sprout with 6 days of planting and grow into a good sprout within two weeks.
It is best to harvest beans in dry weather, as a lot of water can be harmful to the crop. The harvest can be done after a period of 60 to 100 days by carefully snapping the bean or removing it from the vine. After the harvest has been done, depending on the type of growth and stage of growth, it will take between 60 to 100 days after replanting before another harvest can happen.
The last phase of the entire process is to successfully sell your harvested beans crop to your target market. You should look out for buyers who prefer to sign a long-term recurrent supply contract so that you know that for every time your crops are planted, the harvest already has an end buyer, thereby guaranteeing you of your margins.