Banana Farming in Nigeria: How To Start

Banana Farming: How To Start

Banana is like the twin brother of plantain. They are both similar in terms of appearance, planting, and harvesting among others. Unlike plantain, you don’t need to fry your banana, you can enjoy it the way it is. Banana farming is one of the most neglected and highly profitable businesses in Nigeria. Unlike some plants that require seeds, what you need for your banana is a sucker. Furthermore, you don’t need to plant another sucker once you have done that for the first time. The million dollar question is HOW DO YOU GET STARTED? Let’s answer that for you.

Get a land

Getting land is the first thing you need to do before starting any farming business. You can buy land, rent land, or partner with a farmer. It is highly important you consider the climate condition of the environment before you buy land. An average climate condition is best for plantation farming (i.e. it must not be too hot or too cold). Also, banana grows well in a naturally fertilized soil or thick compost manure. In addition, banana needs shades to help maintain the humidity of their surroundings. Thus, make sure that the plantation is done around tall trees.

Read also: Plantain Farming in Nigeria: How to start

Get your suckers

Similar to plantain, suckers are needed to grow banana and getting a good one is highly important. Suckers normally grow outwards and develop from the bud at the base of the mother plant. After getting your suckers, the next thing to do is transplanting. Transplanting involves trimming off the corm or the roots at the bottom of the suckers before planting.

Planting

The size of the farm will decide if you will hire extra hands to carry out farming activities. Ensure that holes between each sucker are well placed. Most people prefer between 8 to 10 feet between each sucker. As a result, the banana trees will be well placed, well moist and will avoid competing for available spaces.

Taking care of the Plant

Taking care of your banana plant is highly important and that is why you have to carry out weeding at appropriate times. Weeding helps to create enough space for the banana to grow. Also, it helps in eliminating the growth of an unwanted plant. In addition, you should devise a means of protecting your banana from strong winds. Application of fertilizers is highly essential. Lastly, you can keep your plant well nourished by placing banana leaves or dead bananas into the soil of the plantation.

Read also: How to start Watermelon Farming in Nigeria

Harvesting

The banana should be ready for harvesting within 13 to 15 months. You can decide to hire labourers or do it yourself but make sure you do it carefully. Cut the down the branches carefully when the banana is ripe. Store the harvested banana in a place with high ventilation and minimal heat.  The best thing about banana farming is that you don’t need to plant another sucker after harvesting because other suckers will spring out by themselves. This can continue for 15 to 20 years.

Author: BF

light sleeper, heavy dreamer.

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