Apple farming in Nigeria: How to start

Apple farming in Nigeria busiess nigeria fruit econmony money

In the earlier post, we talked about how to start plantain farming business. This time, we will be looking at how to start Apple farming business. Apple is probably one of the oldest fruits on the planet. Most people see it as a fruit but as I see it as see it as more than that. You must be familiar with the famous expression: an apple a day keeps the doctor away from you. The statement was made as a result of the essential benefits of apple. Among other benefits, it:

  • Reduces cholesterol level
  • Lowers the risk of heart disease
  • Lowers the risk of diabetes
  • Makes the skin and hair look good
  • Prevents some types of cancers
  • Improves the brain etc.

So, if you are thinking about starting your apple plantation, this article will make your startup process easier.

Site selection

You need to be careful while selecting a site for your apple plantation because Apple doesn’t grow in all places. In short, the places apple don’t grow is fewer than the places it grows. Apples are temperate plant and they grow best in a cold environment. Apples that requires long drying season to get ripe don’t do best in areas with a shorter season. Apple plant requires temperature less than 7C for at least 6 weeks to grow properly. Besides, only Jos in Plateau state can be said to have this type of temperature in Nigeria.

Soil type

It is best for you to carry out a soil test before you begin your apple plantation. what works for a watermelon business won’t work for Apple business. Loamy soils that are rich in organic matter with a ph value ranging from 5.5 to 6.5 are best for apple farming. Also, soil testing should be carried out to a depth of 12 to 18 inches where the root will be located.

Soil Preparation

The land should be properly prepared before planting. You prepare the land by clearing the bushes, trees, removal of weeds etc. This can be done manually or automatically.


Dig a hole that is twice the diameter of the root system and 2 feet deep. Put part of the removed soil on the walls of the hole to make sure that the root gets penetrated easily. Then, spread the roots on the loose soil and make sure that they are not twisted. Afterward, cover the roots and make sure that the soil is firm with the surrounding root. Fill the rest of the hole with loose soil and properly compress the soil. You can use the hexagonal or square planting system.

 Read Also How to start Transport Business in Nigeria


Young trees should be properly cared for to make sure that the root becomes well spaced. Also, you must irrigate the young trees every 4 to 10 days based on the type of soil and temperature. Matured trees require deep watering, probably 2 weeks during the growing season. In addition, there should be frequent cultivation and weed.


It takes tree three years to start producing fruits. Each harvest should yield at least 1000 fruits with a minimum of 2 harvests in a year.


Marketing is also as important as every part of the business. Just imagine having what to sell but don’t know how to sell it. So, you have to market your apples as best as you can to reach out to as many customers as you can. It is best to let people know before the harvesting season. Thus, people would order for what they want, and all you need to do is deliver it to them.


Author: BF

light sleeper, heavy dreamer.

Let us know what you think