There are multiple ancient sites in Nigeria and some them even existed before the colonization of the country by the British. These are places where the government can work on and make a tourist attraction for people all over the world. Here is a list of some these historical sites.
1. Oduduwa Grove
Oduduwa Grove is located in Ile-Ife, Osun State and it is also known as Oduduwa World Temple. The site is famous for being the place where Oduduwa landed with a chain. For those of us that don’t know who Oduduwa is, he is the legendary progenitor of the Yoruba race. Also, he is the founder of Ile Ife and a statue of him with his staff and chain can be seen there.
2. Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove is another ancient site located in Osun state. The grove is situated the Osun River banks on the outskirt of the capital city of Oshogbo. The site is filled with old and sacred shrines, artworks, sculptures the banks of Osun River. In addition, the shrine is regarded as the home to the goddess of fertility. It was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2005.
3. Emir of Kano Palace
The Emir of Kano Palace is in the northern part of the country. It is an ancient site that is filled with ancient monument and structures. The palace was built years ago for the Emir of Kano who ruled Northern Nigeria. Also, his headquarters were located in Kano city. Generally, Kano State contains ancient artifacts that date back to the period before the British Colonization.
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4. Ogbunike Caves
Ogbunike Caves is located in Anambra state and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cave has maintained its biodiversity for multiple centuries. The caves are used by the locals who believe that it has spiritual powers. In fact, visitors must remove their shoes before going in and menstruating women can`t go in. In the valley descending towards the cave is a walkway of 317 steps that appears to take you into a new dimension.
5. The Walls of Kano
The ancient city of Kano is located in Kano State. It was built to protect the ancient city of Kano from an unwanted guest. The construction of the walls began around 1095 and was finished in the middle of the 14th century
6. The Walls of Benin City
Unlike the walls of Kano, The Walls of Benin is located in Benin City Edo State. However, it was also built as a defense for the capital of the Kingdom of Benin. Considered as the largest artificial structure, its construction started in the 800 and was completed around the mid 15th century.
7. Oke-Idanre Hill
Idanre Hills is a valley with high plain with magnificent inselbergs that are about 3,000 feet above the sea level. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007 and has attracted a lot of tourist overtime.
8. Surame Cultural Landscape
Surame is an ancient city located in Sokoto State. It was created by Muhammadu Kanta Sarkin Kebbi in the 16th century and was later abandoned in the `1700. Also, it is regarded as one of the world’s wonders of the human civilization, ingenuity, and creativity.
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